Evaluation of the Electroporation Efficiency of a Grid Electrode for Electrochemotherapy: From Numerical Model to In Vitro Tests

A. Ongaro, L. G. Campana, M. De Mattei, F. Dughiero, M. Forzan, A. Pellati, C. R. Rossi, E. Sieni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Electrochemotherapy (ECT) is a local anticancer treatment based on the combination of chemotherapy and short, tumor-permeabilizing, voltage pulses delivered using needle electrodes or plate electrodes. The application of ECT to large skin surface tumors is time consuming due to technical limitations of currently available voltage applicators. The availability of large pulse applicators with few and more spaced needle electrodes could be useful in the clinic, since they could allow managing large and spread tumors while limiting the duration and the invasiveness of the procedure. In this article, a grid electrode with 2-cm spaced needles has been studied by means of numerical models. The electroporation efficiency has been assessed on human osteosarcoma cell line MG63 cultured in monolayer. The computational results show the distribution of the electric field in a model of the treated tissue. These results are helpful to evaluate the effect of the needle distance on the electric field distribution. Furthermore, the in vitro tests showed that the grid electrode proposed is suitable to electropore, by a single application, a cell culture covering an area of 55 cm2. In conclusion, our data might represent substantial improvement in ECT in order to achieve a more homogeneous and time-saving treatment, with benefits for patients with cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296-307
Number of pages12
JournalTechnology in Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2016

Keywords

  • electric field
  • electrochemotherapy
  • electrode
  • finite element analysis
  • propidium iodide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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