Evaluation of the extent and timing of the coronary hyperemic response to dipyridamole: A study with transesophageal echocardiography and positron emission tomography with oxygen 15 water

Johannes Radvan, Thomas H. Marwick, M. John Williams, Paolo G. Camici

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Coronary flow reserve may be measured with Dopplerderived coronary blood-flow velocity or scintigraphic assessment of myocardial perfusion. The purpose of this study was to compare coronary flow velocity and perfusion measures of flow reserve with respect to their extent and time course. Coronary flow velocity reserve in the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery measured by pulsed-wave Doppler at transesophageal echocardiography, with measures of perfusion reserve obtained in the corresponding territory, were measured by a standard O15 water technique at positron emission tomography. Eighteen male volunteers underwent both tests on different days in random order, with dipyridamole stress (0.56 mg/kg). After correction of resting flow and perfusion measurements to a standard cardiac workload (to compensate for heterogeneity in hemodynamics between the two studies), coronary flow reserve was calculated as the ratio between dipyridamoleand corrected resting flow. The uncorrected perfusion reserve measured by positron emission tomography was 3.7±1.2, compared with a corrected perfusion reserve of 2.3±0.7. This correlated with a corrected flow velocity reserve of 2.9±1.0 at transesophageal echocardiography (R=0.92; p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)864-873
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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