Evaluation of the friction of self-ligating and conventional bracket systems

Simona Tecco, Donato Di Iorio, Riccardo Nucera, Beatrice Di Bisceglie, Giancarlo Cordasco, Felice Festa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: This in vitro study evaluated the friction (F) generated by aligned stainless steel (SS) conventional brackets, self-ligating Damon MX © brackets (SDS Ormco, Glendora, California, USA), Time3 © brackets (American Orthodontics, Sheboygan, Wisconsin, USA), Vision LP © brackets (American Orthodontics), and low-friction Slide © ligatures (Leone, Firenze, Italy) coupled with various SS, nickel-titanium (NiTi), and beta-titanium (TMA) archwires. Methods: All brackets had a 0.022-inch slot, and the orthodontic archwires were 0.014-inch, 0.016-inch, 0.014×0.025-inch, 0.018×0.025-inch, and 0.019×0.025-inch NiTi; 0.017×0.025-inch TMA; and 0.019×0.025-inch SS. Each bracket-archwire combination was tested 10 times. In the test, 10 brackets of the same group were mounted in alignment on a metal bar. The archwires moved through all the 10 brackets at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min (each run lasted approximately 5 min). The differences among 5 groups of brackets were analyzed through the Kruskal-Wallis test, and a Mann-Whitney test was calculated as post hoc analysis. The P value was set at 0.05. Results: Coupled with 0.014-inch NiTi and 0.016-inch NiTi, Victory Series © brackets generated the greatest F, while Damon MX © and Vision LP © brackets generated the lowest (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)310-317
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Dentistry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011


  • Friction
  • Ligation
  • Orthodontic brackets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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