Background: Oxidative stress has been related to hypo-response to erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The aim of this study was to verify whether vitamin E (ViE) on a synthetic polysulfone dialyzer can improve ESA responsiveness. Methods: This controlled, multicenter study involved 93 HD patients on stable ESA therapy, who were randomized to either ViE-coated polysulfone dialyzer or to a low-flux synthetic dialyzer. The primary outcome measure was the change in ESA resistance index (ERI) from baseline. Results: Mean ERI decreased in the ViE group by 1.45 IU/kg∗g/dl and increased in the control group by 0.53 IU/kg∗g/dl, with a mean difference of 1.98 IU/kg∗g/dl (p = 0.001 after adjusting for baseline ERI, as foreseen by the study protocol). Baseline ERI was inversely related to its changes during follow-up only in the control group (R2 = 0.29). Conclusions: The ViE dialyzer can improve ESA response in HD patients. Changes in ERI during follow-up are independent from baseline ERI only in the ViE group. Video Journal Club 'Cappuccino with Claudio Ronco' at http://www.karger.com/?doi=453442.
- Erythropoiesis-stimulating agent resistance
- Erythropoiesis-stimulating agent responsiveness
- Vitamin E
ASJC Scopus subject areas