Evaluation of the insertion torque, implant stability quotient and drilled hole quality for different drill design: An in vitro Investigation

Sergio Alexandre Gehrke, José Luis Calvo Guirado, Raphaël Bettach, Massimo Del Fabbro, Carlos Pérez Albacete Martínez, Jamil Awad Shibli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to compare the insertion torque and implant stability quotient between different drill design for implant site preparation. Materials and Methods: Synthetic blocks of bone (type I density) were used for drilling procedures. Three groups were evaluated: Group G1 - drilling with a single bur for a 4.2 mm conical implant; Group G2 and Group G3 - drilling with three consecutive burs for a 4.1 mm cylindrical implant and for a 4.3 mm conical implant respectively. For each group, 15 drilling procedures were performed without irrigation for 10-mm in-depth. The drilled hole quality (HQ) after the osteotomy for implant site preparation was measured in the five-first holes through a fully automated roundness/cylindricity instrument at three levels (top, middle, and bottom of the site). The insertion torque value (ITV) was achieved with a computed torquimeter and the implant stability quotient (ISQ) values were measured using a resonance frequency apparatus. Results: The single drill (group 1) achieved a significantly higher ITV and ISQ than the multiple drills for osteotomy (groups 2 and 3). Group 1 and 3 displayed significantly better HQ than group 2. Conclusions: Within the limitations of the study, the results suggest that the hole quality, in addition to the insertion torque, may significantly affect implant primary stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)656
Number of pages662
JournalClinical Oral Implants Research
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Bone density
  • Dental implants
  • Drill precision
  • Insertion torque
  • Resonance frequency analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery

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