Evaluation of tuberculosis treatment results in Italy, report 1998

R. Centis, A. Ianni, G. B. Migliori, L. Casali, G. Agati, S. Aiolfi, A. Altieri, M. Ambrosetti, G. Angarano, W. Arossa, G. Bagnasco, G. Bazzerla, A. Berra, G. Besozzi, P. Bottrighi, M. Bugiani, S. Calabro, G. Castiglioni, M. Cavallero, G. CicchittoL. R. Codecasa, V. Colorizio, M. Confalonieri, L. D'Ambrosio, V. D'Ambrosio, S. DellaTommasa, G. Di Pisa, M. Ermeti, E. Faccini, F. Falcone, G. Farinelli, R. Fatigante, B. Farris, T. Fatur Volante, G. Felisatti, P. Ferranti, F. Fiorentini, C. Foschi, A. Garzone, V. Giorgio, F. Gozzellino, L. Jacopino, G. Lauriello, R. Le Donne, R. Longi, G. Macor, D. Mancini, M. F. Marchesani, S. Marcias, V. Mariano, G. Mennea, A. Monaco, G. Montesano, G. Moretti, G. Napolitano, S. Nardini, S. Nutini, G. Orani, A. Orsi, M. Parpanesi, A. Pasi, O. Penza, A. Perboni, L. Petrozzi, P. Pretto, S. Rossi, E. Sabato, L. Saini, L. Schiavi, R. Tazza, G. Trucco, C. Vertuccio, U. Viviani, M. Volante, P. Vinciguerra, S. Viola, F. Zaccara, G. Angarano, L. Barelle, G. Bertoli, A. Bisetti, F. Bistoni, L. Buono, S. Carbonara, G. P. Carosi, A. Cascina, A. Cassone, D. Costa, P. Crepaldi, A. De Santis, F. Diamare, L. Fabbro, G. Fadda, A. G. Farris, L. Fattorini, G. Ferrara, S. Gamba, E. Iona, M. Losi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In Italy no national data on tuberculosis (TB) treatment results were available. In 1995 the AIPO (Italian Association of Hospital Pneumologists) TB Study Group, in collaboration with the Istituto Superiore di Sanita (technical branch of the Ministry of Health), started a prospective monitoring activity based on World Health Organization (WHO) and International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) recommendations. Data were collected from a representative network of TB units nationwide, managing a significant proportion of all TB cases notified in Italy each year. The aim of this study was to analyse the case findings and treatment results for the year 1998. The number of TB cases reported was 1162 (61.7% males; 28.2% immigrants), 888 (76.6%) being new cases. Of these cases, 1,001 (86.4%) were pulmonary, 132 (11.4%) extrapulmonary and 26 (2.2%) both pulmonary and extrapulmonary. The main risk factors for TB were a history of recent contact, diabetes and alcohol abuse among native Italians and human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive status and history of recent contact among immigrants. The majority of immigrants were from Africa and South America, and had been in Italy >24 months before diagnosis of TB. Forty-seven per cent (552 of 1,162) of patients had a positive direct sputum smear examination for alcohol acid-fast bacilli; 30% were resistant to any drug (combined monoresistance (the sum of primary and acquired drug resistance) to rifampicin 2.3%; combined multidrug resistance 11.4%). In 97% of cases, the duration of treatment was

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-298
Number of pages6
JournalMonaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Cardiac Series
Volume55
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Cohort analysis
  • Italy
  • Treatment outcomes
  • Tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Centis, R., Ianni, A., Migliori, G. B., Casali, L., Agati, G., Aiolfi, S., Altieri, A., Ambrosetti, M., Angarano, G., Arossa, W., Bagnasco, G., Bazzerla, G., Berra, A., Besozzi, G., Bottrighi, P., Bugiani, M., Calabro, S., Castiglioni, G., Cavallero, M., ... Losi, M. (2000). Evaluation of tuberculosis treatment results in Italy, report 1998. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Cardiac Series, 55(4), 293-298.