Evaluation of whole-body vibration exercise on neuromuscular activation through electromyographic pattern of vastus lateralis muscle and on range of motion of knees in metabolic syndrome: A quasi-randomized cross-over controlled trial

Cintia Renata de Sousa-Gonçalves, Laisa Liane Paineiras-Domingos, Ygor Teixeira-Silva, Thais Amadeu, Adriana Pereira da Silva Lírio, Arlete Francisca-Santos, Luiz Felipe Ferreira De Souza, Mario José dos Santos Pereira, Maria Eduarda Souza Melo-Oliveira, Alexandre Gonçalves de Meirelles, Glória Maria Guimarães-Lourenço, Aline Reis-Silva, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Marcia Cristina Moura-Fernandes, Vinicius Layter Xavier, Alessandra da Rocha Pinheiro Mulder, Ana Cristina Rodrigues Lacerda, Vanessa Amaral Mendonça, José Alexandre Bachur, Redha TaiarAlessandro Sartorio, Danúbia da Cunha de Sá-Caputo, Mario Bernardo-Filho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is related to overweight and obesity, and contributes to clinical limitations. Exercise is used for the management of MetS individuals, who are often not motivated to perform this practice. Whole body vibration exercise (WBVE) produces several biological effects, besides being safe, effective, and feasible for MetS individuals. This pseudo-randomized and cross-over controlled trial study aimed to analyze the effects of WBVE on MetS individuals' neuromuscular activation using the surface electromyography (sEMG) pattern (root mean square (RMS)) of the vastus lateralis (VL) muscle and on the range of motion (ROM) of the knees. Participants (n = 39) were allocated to two groups: the treatment group (TG), which was exposed to WBVE, and the control group (CG). WBVE interventions were performed twice a week, for a period of 5 weeks. ROM and sEMG were analyzed at baseline, after the first session, and before and after the last session. sEMG (%RMS) significantly increased in the acute effect of the last session of WBVE (108.00 ± 5.07, p > 0.008, right leg; 106.20 ± 3.53, p < 0.02, left leg) compared to the CG. ROM did not significantly change in TG or CG. In conclusion, 5 weeks of WBVE exerted neuromuscular effects capable of increasing VL muscle RMS in individuals with MetS, this effect being potentially useful in the physical rehabilitation of these individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4997
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Neuromuscular activation
  • Range of motion of the knees
  • Surface electromyographic pattern
  • Whole body vibration exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

de Sousa-Gonçalves, C. R., Paineiras-Domingos, L. L., Teixeira-Silva, Y., Amadeu, T., da Silva Lírio, A. P., Francisca-Santos, A., De Souza, L. F. F., dos Santos Pereira, M. J., Melo-Oliveira, M. E. S., de Meirelles, A. G., Guimarães-Lourenço, G. M., Reis-Silva, A., Moreira-Marconi, E., Moura-Fernandes, M. C., Xavier, V. L., da Rocha Pinheiro Mulder, A., Lacerda, A. C. R., Mendonça, V. A., Bachur, J. A., ... Bernardo-Filho, M. (2019). Evaluation of whole-body vibration exercise on neuromuscular activation through electromyographic pattern of vastus lateralis muscle and on range of motion of knees in metabolic syndrome: A quasi-randomized cross-over controlled trial. Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 9(23), [4997]. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9234997