Introduction: In this study, we investigated the prognostic and predictive value of MGMT promoter methylation and protein expression in 30 pediatric high grade gliomas (pHGG). Methods: MGMT promoter methylation was assayed by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP), whereas MGMT protein expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Results: MGMT promoter methylation was observed in 7/24 (30%) cases, whereas MGMT protein overexpression was found in 19/28 (68%) cases with similar distribution in grade III and grade IV gliomas. Median survival of methylated and unmethylated patients was 16 and 8 months, respectively. Moreover, overall survival and progression-free survival showed a trend toward reduction in patients with unmethylation (p∈=∈0.9 and p∈=∈0.7, respectively). For MGMT protein expression, the median survival was 8.5 and 17 months for patients with MGMT overexpression or low expression, respectively. Although these two groups did not show statistically significant differences in terms of overall survival or progression-free survival (p∈=∈0.8 and p∈=∈0.7, respectively), there was a significant correlation between MGMT protein expression and MGMT promoter methylation status (p∈=∈0.01). Conclusions: Our findings indicate that, in pHGG, (a) MGMT promoter methylation is less frequent than in adult malignant gliomas, (b) there is a high correlation between MGMT MSP and MGMT IHC, and (c) as in adults, MGMT status is associated with prognosis, although this observation has to be statistically validated on larger series of patients.
- Pediatric glioma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology