Evidence-Based Medicine and Clinical Practice: The first Italian attempt to define the appropriateness of rehabilitation admission criteria through the application of the Delphi method

F. Rodà, L. Bevilacqua, A. Merlo, L. Prestini, R. Brianti, F. Lombardi, F. Auxilia, Silvana Castaldi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. One of the consequences of today's global economic crisis is the need to control healthcare spending, in particular by improving the level of appropriateness. Thus, admission to rehabilitation has become an issue, especially as regards inappropriateness of resource allocation. The scientific literature suggests that more attention should be paid to the problem of clinical appropriateness in order to better identify the patients' actual needs. For the first time in Italy, this study aims at defining the appropriateness of intensive rehabilitation admission criteria through use of the Delphi method involving a panel of national experts. Materials and Methods. A three-round Delphi survey was conducted according to international guidelines. Electronic questionnaires were individually sent via e-mail to ensure the participants' anonymity throughout the process. Questions were mostly based on rehabilitation literature. Results. During the Delphi process, a total of 79 items were submitted to a heterogenous panel of rehabilitation experts who were asked to express their level of agreement to the item contents on a five-point Likert scale. At the end of the survey, a list of 19 appropriate criteria for admission to intensive rehabilitation facilities and 21 reasons for inappropriateness was drawn up. Conclusions. This study represents the first attempt in Italy to define shared and objective appropriateness criteria for admission to intensive rehabilitation. Out of the total number of experts invited to participate (31), only 16 completed the entire survey. This poor participation rate unfortunately demonstrates the lack of awareness among Italian rehabilitation professionals, which is a further sign of both the scarcity of scientific evidence in this area and the need to reach consensus on admission criteria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-129
Number of pages13
JournalAnnali di Igiene
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Admission criteria
  • Appropriateness
  • Delphi method
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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