Evidence-based recommendations for resistance and power training to prevent frailty in community-dwellers

Hélio José Coelho-Júnior, Marco Carlos Uchida, Anna Picca, Roberto Bernabei, Francesco Landi, Riccardo Calvani, Matteo Cesari, Emanuele Marzetti

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Frailty is a reversible state of reduced resilience to stressful events resulting from a multisystem impairment of the human body. As frailty progresses, people become more vulnerable to numerous adverse events, including falls and fractures, cognitive decline, disability, hospitalization, nursing home placement, and death. As such, substantial health care costs are associated with frailty. These features have led to the recognition of frailty as a public health problem. The identification of strategies for the management of frailty has, therefore, become a topic of extensive instigation. In this context, resistance (RT) and power training (PT) have received considerable attention, and experts in the field have recently suggested that both training modalities may improve frailty-related parameters. However, most studies have only included robust people and investigated frailty as a secondary outcome, so that current literature only allows RT and PT preventive programs against frailty to be designed. Here, we provide evidence-based critical recommendations for the prescription of RT and PT programs against incident frailty in community-dwellers.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAging clinical and experimental research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Cognitive function
  • Exercise prescription
  • Frailty
  • Older adults
  • Physical performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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