Evidence-based recommendations for the use of antiemetics in radiotherapy

Ernesto Maranzano, Petra Ch Feyer, Alexander Molassiotis, Romina Rossi, Rebecca A. Clark-Snow, Ian Olver, David Warr, Concetta Schiavone, Fausto Roila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and purpose: To report recommendations given in the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer (MASCC) International Consensus Conference regarding the use of antiemetics in radiotherapy. Patients and methods: A steering committee under MASCC auspice chose panel participants for the guidelines development process on prevention of chemotherapy- and radiotherapy-induced emesis (RIE). Pertinent information from published literature as of March 2004 was reviewed for the guideline process. Both the MASCC level of scientific confidence and level of consensus, and the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) type of evidence and grade for recommendation were adopted. Results: Total body irradiation is classified at high risk, upper abdomen at moderate, lower thorax, pelvis, cranium (radiosurgery) and craniospinal at low, head and neck, extremities, cranium and breast at minimal risk. The recommendations for the use of antiemetics in radiotherapy are as follows: prophylaxis with a 5-HT3 antagonist in patients at high and moderate risk levels of RIE (±dexamethasone in the former group), prophylaxis or rescue with a 5-HT3 antagonist in the low risk group, and rescue with dopamine or a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist in minimal risk level. Conclusions: These recommendations represent a valid tool for prophylaxis and treatment of RIE in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-233
Number of pages7
JournalRadiotherapy and Oncology
Volume76
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2005

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Keywords

  • Antiemetics
  • Emesis
  • Radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Urology

Cite this

Maranzano, E., Feyer, P. C., Molassiotis, A., Rossi, R., Clark-Snow, R. A., Olver, I., Warr, D., Schiavone, C., & Roila, F. (2005). Evidence-based recommendations for the use of antiemetics in radiotherapy. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 76(3), 227-233. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radonc.2005.07.002