Evidence for separate allocentric and egocentric space processing in neglect patients

Luigi Pizzamiglio, Cecilia Guariglia, Teresa Cosentino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Spatial orientation was investigated in two different conditions: (a) when the shape of the enclosure was the only available information; (b) when a clearly perceivable visual cue was added. Three groups of subjects were investigated: normal controls, right brain-damaged patients without and with hemispatial neglect. The performance of the first two groups clearly demonstrated the capacity to use the geometric properties of the environment and to integrate this information with an additional visual cue. Considered as a group, patients with hemispatial neglect were able to use the shape of the environment and, to a lesser extent, the additional visual cue. However, individual differences suggest two opposite performance patterns: two patients responded randomly when the shape of the environment was the only available information, and they improved considerably when the cue was offered; two other patients showed normal competence in dealing with the geometrical properties of the environment, but were unable to take advantage of the cue. The different lesion site in these two types of patients suggests a possible dissociation of processing based upon allocentric or egocentric coding of space in humans as well as in animals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)719-730
Number of pages12
JournalCortex
Volume34
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Environmental perception
  • Hemispatial neglect
  • Navigation
  • Spatial cognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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