H2-receptor antagonists, such as cimetidine (C), ranitidine (R) and famotidine (F) seem to be effective in the prevention and treatment of stress ulcer in transplant recipients receiving cyclosporin A (CyA). The aim of this study was to detect the possible synergistic nephro- and hepato-toxicity of these drugs, assaying the serum creatinine (SC), ALT, AST levels, and the histological features of 45 young male Sprague-Dawley rats, divided into nine groups of five rats each. After 10 days of treatment the results showed: (i) serum CyA levels were increased in the group receiving daily CyA (5 mg/kg) + R(5 mg/kg) (2430 ± 403 ng/ml; p <0.05 vs. controls) and the group receiving daily CyA (5 mg/kg) ± C(10 mg/kg) (2440 ± 265 ng/ml; p <0.01 vs. controls); (ii) ALT and AST levels were increased in this latter group (ALT 223 ± 133 UL, AST 114.67 ± 39 UL; p <0.01 vs. controls); (iii) SC levels were normal; and (iv) steatosis of the liver was observed in these two groups. These findings suggest that C and R, but not F, may inhibit the hepatic cytochrome P-450 which are involved in the oxidative metabolism of the drugs. Furthermore, the high serum CyA levels seem to play a major role in the appearance of biochemical and histological damage to the liver.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Drugs under Experimental and Clinical Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Drug Discovery