BACKGROUND: We evaluated two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography longitudinal strain (L2DSE) in functionally single left ventricles (LV).
METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 21 patients with functionally single LV. We divided patients into two groups according to pre-Fontan cardiac catheterization data: group 1, adequate data for Fontan procedure and group 2, inadequate data.
RESULTS: LV strain correlated with predicted pressure in the Fontan system (r = 0.64; P = 0.003), pressure in the Glenn system (r = 0.57; P = 0.010), and transpulmonary gradient (r = 0.59; P = 0.008), but not with left atrial pressure (r = 0.292; P = 0.226) or ejection fraction (r = 0.254; P = 0.294). In multiple regression analysis, four-chamber LV strain was correlated with predicted pressure in the Fontan (β = 0.642: P = 0.003), whereas no association was found with LV ejection fraction (β = 0.254; P = 0.294), or time from Glenn palliation (β = 0.082; P = 0.893). When dividing the population into two groups according to catheterization data, significantly lower four-chamber longitudinal 2DSE (-25.8 ± 3.2 vs.-19.5 ± 5.1; P = 0.004) was found to be not suitable for the Fontan procedure, as compared with those who underwent successful Fontan completion.
CONCLUSION: Regardless of ejection fraction, four-chamber L2DSE is associated with high predicted pressure in the Fontan system. Patients with hemodynamic data unsuitable for Fontan operation have significantly lower mean longitudinal strain parameters. 2DSE may represent a valuable tool in assessing patients with single LV physiology and might provide useful pre-Fontan information.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of cardiovascular medicine (Hagerstown, Md.)|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2019|