Evidence of non-A, non-B, non-C infection in chronic hepatitis by polymerase chain raction testing for hepatitis B and C viruses

Raffaella Romeo, Stanislas Pol, Caroline Demeret, Valerie Thiers, Dina Kremsdorf, Emmanuel Cuillerier, Pierre Berthelot, Christian Brechot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background/Aims: Although hepatitis C virus is clearly the major cause of non-A, non-B acute and chronic hepatitis, there is a group of patients with histologically documented chronic hepatitis with no serological marker of hepatitis B and C, nor any other risk factors for liver disease. Methods: We have investigated 17 well-characterized patients and chronic active hepatitis. HBV-DNA and HCV-RNA were tested by polymerase chain reaction in 17 serum samples and in six liver biopsies. Results: Four of the 17 patients had serum HCV-RNA detectable by polymerase chain reaction, while non had HBV-DNA detectable by polymerase chain reaction. Three of the six liver samples gave a positive signal by cyclin A and HLA, and only these were considered for the study. One of the three was HCV-RNA positive, while none was HBV-DNA positive. Conclusions: Our results, obtained through careful elimination of all known risk factors for liver disease, strongly suggest that non-A, non-B, non-C hepatotropic virus(es) could be involved in some cases of chronic active liver disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-129
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Hepatology
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Chronic hepatitis
  • Non-A, non-B, non-C
  • Polymerase chain reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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