Increasing evidence suggests a neurotransmitter role for NO in the mammalian CNS. We have now studied the behavioural and electrocortical (ECoG) profile of rats injected into the lateral cerebral ventricle (ICV) with L-arginine (L-arg), the endogenous donor of the guanidino group from which NO physiologically originates. Rats treated with L-arg (up to 300 μg) showed behavioural stimulation, ECoG desynchronization with occasional isolated high voltage spikes but not motor seizures. In rats receiving a subconvulsive dose (0.5 μg) of N-methyl-D-aspartic acid, (NMDA; ICV) the microinjection of L-arg (300 μg; 1 min before) resulted in behavioural and ECoG seizures. The latter effects were prevented by coadministering L-arg with N-nitro-L-arginine (L-NAME), an inhibitor of NO synthesis. In conclusion, L-arg possesses proconvulsant effects probably mediated by an increase in NO synthesis.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 1991|
- Nitric oxide
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