Evidences from a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Unveil the Role of MiRNA Polymorphisms in the Predisposition to Female Neoplasms

Milad Bastami, Jalal Choupani, Zahra Saadatian, Sepideh Zununi Vahed, Elaheh Ouladsahebmadarek, Yasser Mansoori, Abdolreza Daraei, Hossein Samadi Kafil, Bahman Yousefi, Mahdi Mahdipour, Andrea Masotti, Ziba Nariman-Saleh-Fam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Breast (BCa) and gynecological (GCa) cancers constitute a group of female neoplasms that has a worldwide significant contribution to cancer morbidity and mortality. Evidence suggests that polymorphisms influencing miRNA function can provide useful information towards predicting the risk of female neoplasms. Inconsistent findings in the literature should be detected and resolved to facilitate the genetic screening of miRNA polymorphisms, even during childhood or adolescence, and their use as predictors of future malignancies. This study represents a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between miRNA polymorphisms and the risk of female neoplasms. Meta-analysis was performed by pooling odds-ratios (ORs) and generalized ORs while using a random-effects model for 15 miRNA polymorphisms. The results suggest that miR-146a rs2910164 is implicated in the susceptibility to GCa. Moreover, miR-196a2 rs11614913-T had a moderate protective effect against female neoplasms, especially GCa, in Asians but not in Caucasians. MiR-27a rs895819-G might pose a protective effect against BCa among Caucasians. MiR-499 rs3746444-C may slightly increase the risk of female neoplasms, especially BCa. MiR-124 rs531564-G may be associated with a lower risk of female neoplasms. The current evidences do not support the association of the remaining polymorphisms and the risk of female neoplasms.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume20
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 14 2019

Keywords

  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group
  • Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology
  • Female
  • Genetic Association Studies
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Genital Neoplasms, Female/epidemiology
  • Humans
  • MicroRNAs/genetics
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics
  • Risk

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