Background: This study aimed to examine the evolution of genotypic drug resistance prevalence in treatment-failing patients in the multicentre, Italian, Antiretroviral Resistance Cohort Analysis (ARCA). Methods: Patients with a drug resistance genotype test performed between 1999 and 2006 at failure of a combination antiretroviral therapy and with complete treatment history were selected. The prevalence of resistance. was measured overall, per calendar year, per drug class and per treatment line at failure. Results: The Overall resistance prevalence was 81%. Resistance to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) declined after 2002, (68% in 2006; for trend P=0.004); resistance to noh-NRTIs (NNRTIs) stabilized after 2004; and resistan to protease inhibitors (Pls) declined after 2001 (43% in 2006; P=0.004). In first-line failures, NRTI resistance decreased after 2002 (P=0.0006), NNRTI resistance decreased after 2003 (P=0.001) and PI resistapear decreased after 2001 (P+ T-cell counts, more recent calendar year and viral subtype B carriage, whereas the use of PI-based versus NNRTI-based regimens at failure was associated with a reduced risk of resistance. There was an increase of type-1 thymidine analogue and of protease mutations L33F, I47A/V, I50V and I54L/M whereas L90M decrease over calendar years. Conclusions: During more recent years, emerging drug resistance has decreased, particularly in first-line failures. The prevalence continues to be high in mutiregimen-failing patients.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases