Using a variety of techniques we found the presence of ACTH and opioid-like molecules in the phagocytic spreading hemocytes (SH) and the serum of the mollusc Planorbarius corneus. In vitro experiments have shown that ACTH and beta-endorphin exert chemotactic activity on SH, while ACTH, but not beta-endorphin increases the phagocytic activity of SH. Moreover, ACTH and CRF provoked the release of biogenic amines from the hemocytes, mimicking a proto-stress type of response. Thus, the same mobile cell is capable of immune and proto-stress responses by using as mediators neuropeptides which remained fundamentally similar throughout evolution.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Acta Biologica Hungarica|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)