Evolution of blood-associated HIV-1 DNA levels after 48 weeks of switching to atazanavir/ritonavir+lamivudine dual therapy versus continuing triple therapy in the randomized AtLaS-M trial

Francesca Lombardi, Simone Belmonti, Eugenia Quiros-Roldan, Alessandra Latini, Antonella Castagna, Gabriella D'Ettorre, Roberta Gagliardini, Massimiliano Fabbiani, Roberto Cauda, Andrea De Luca, Simona Di Giambenedetto, AtLaS-M Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: The AtLaS-M randomized trial showed that in patients with HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL on atazanavir/ritonavir + two NRTIs, switching to a dual therapy with atazanavir/ritonavir+lamivudine had superior efficacy as compared with continuing the previous triple therapy. This substudy was designed to evaluate at 48 weeks the impact of the dual therapy versus the three-drug atazanavir/ritonavir-based therapy on the HIV-1 cellular reservoir as reflected by the quantification of blood-associated HIV-1 DNA levels.

Methods: In a representative subset of 201 of 266 randomized patients (104 in the dual-therapy arm and 97 in the triple-therapy arm) total HIV-1 DNA levels in whole blood at baseline and after 48 weeks and factors associated with the HIV-1 DNA levels were evaluated.

Results: The mean baseline HIV-1 DNA levels (2.47 log 10 copies/10 6 leucocytes) were comparable between arms. A significant mean decrease between baseline and week 48 was observed: -0.069 log 10 copies/10 6 leucocytes in the dual-therapy arm ( P  =   0.046) and -0.078 in the triple-therapy arm ( P  =   0.011); the mean difference between arms was -0.009 ( P  =   0.842). Nadir CD4 count was inversely correlated with baseline HIV-1 DNA ( P  =   0.009); longer duration of ART and lower nadir CD4 correlated with a less prominent HIV-1 DNA decrease (both P  <   0.005). Higher baseline HIV-1 DNA was associated with residual viraemia at week 48 ( P  =   0.031).

Conclusions: When compared with continuing three-drug therapy, atazanavir/ritonavir+lamivudine dual therapy resulted in a similar decline in HIV-1 DNA levels in patients with sustained virological suppression. These data support the safety of this simplified treatment strategy in terms of its effect on the cellular HIV-1 reservoir.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2055-2059
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Volume72
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2017

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Ritonavir
Lamivudine
HIV-1
DNA
Therapeutics
Leukocytes
Atazanavir Sulfate
Viremia
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
RNA

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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Evolution of blood-associated HIV-1 DNA levels after 48 weeks of switching to atazanavir/ritonavir+lamivudine dual therapy versus continuing triple therapy in the randomized AtLaS-M trial. / Lombardi, Francesca; Belmonti, Simone; Quiros-Roldan, Eugenia; Latini, Alessandra; Castagna, Antonella; D'Ettorre, Gabriella; Gagliardini, Roberta; Fabbiani, Massimiliano; Cauda, Roberto; De Luca, Andrea; Di Giambenedetto, Simona; AtLaS-M Study Group.

In: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Vol. 72, No. 7, 01.07.2017, p. 2055-2059.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lombardi, F, Belmonti, S, Quiros-Roldan, E, Latini, A, Castagna, A, D'Ettorre, G, Gagliardini, R, Fabbiani, M, Cauda, R, De Luca, A, Di Giambenedetto, S & AtLaS-M Study Group 2017, 'Evolution of blood-associated HIV-1 DNA levels after 48 weeks of switching to atazanavir/ritonavir+lamivudine dual therapy versus continuing triple therapy in the randomized AtLaS-M trial', Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol. 72, no. 7, pp. 2055-2059. https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkx068
Lombardi, Francesca ; Belmonti, Simone ; Quiros-Roldan, Eugenia ; Latini, Alessandra ; Castagna, Antonella ; D'Ettorre, Gabriella ; Gagliardini, Roberta ; Fabbiani, Massimiliano ; Cauda, Roberto ; De Luca, Andrea ; Di Giambenedetto, Simona ; AtLaS-M Study Group. / Evolution of blood-associated HIV-1 DNA levels after 48 weeks of switching to atazanavir/ritonavir+lamivudine dual therapy versus continuing triple therapy in the randomized AtLaS-M trial. In: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 2017 ; Vol. 72, No. 7. pp. 2055-2059.
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abstract = "Objectives: The AtLaS-M randomized trial showed that in patients with HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL on atazanavir/ritonavir + two NRTIs, switching to a dual therapy with atazanavir/ritonavir+lamivudine had superior efficacy as compared with continuing the previous triple therapy. This substudy was designed to evaluate at 48 weeks the impact of the dual therapy versus the three-drug atazanavir/ritonavir-based therapy on the HIV-1 cellular reservoir as reflected by the quantification of blood-associated HIV-1 DNA levels.Methods: In a representative subset of 201 of 266 randomized patients (104 in the dual-therapy arm and 97 in the triple-therapy arm) total HIV-1 DNA levels in whole blood at baseline and after 48 weeks and factors associated with the HIV-1 DNA levels were evaluated.Results: The mean baseline HIV-1 DNA levels (2.47 log 10 copies/10 6 leucocytes) were comparable between arms. A significant mean decrease between baseline and week 48 was observed: -0.069 log 10 copies/10 6 leucocytes in the dual-therapy arm ( P  =   0.046) and -0.078 in the triple-therapy arm ( P  =   0.011); the mean difference between arms was -0.009 ( P  =   0.842). Nadir CD4 count was inversely correlated with baseline HIV-1 DNA ( P  =   0.009); longer duration of ART and lower nadir CD4 correlated with a less prominent HIV-1 DNA decrease (both P  <   0.005). Higher baseline HIV-1 DNA was associated with residual viraemia at week 48 ( P  =   0.031).Conclusions: When compared with continuing three-drug therapy, atazanavir/ritonavir+lamivudine dual therapy resulted in a similar decline in HIV-1 DNA levels in patients with sustained virological suppression. These data support the safety of this simplified treatment strategy in terms of its effect on the cellular HIV-1 reservoir.",
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T1 - Evolution of blood-associated HIV-1 DNA levels after 48 weeks of switching to atazanavir/ritonavir+lamivudine dual therapy versus continuing triple therapy in the randomized AtLaS-M trial

AU - Lombardi, Francesca

AU - Belmonti, Simone

AU - Quiros-Roldan, Eugenia

AU - Latini, Alessandra

AU - Castagna, Antonella

AU - D'Ettorre, Gabriella

AU - Gagliardini, Roberta

AU - Fabbiani, Massimiliano

AU - Cauda, Roberto

AU - De Luca, Andrea

AU - Di Giambenedetto, Simona

AU - AtLaS-M Study Group

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N2 - Objectives: The AtLaS-M randomized trial showed that in patients with HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL on atazanavir/ritonavir + two NRTIs, switching to a dual therapy with atazanavir/ritonavir+lamivudine had superior efficacy as compared with continuing the previous triple therapy. This substudy was designed to evaluate at 48 weeks the impact of the dual therapy versus the three-drug atazanavir/ritonavir-based therapy on the HIV-1 cellular reservoir as reflected by the quantification of blood-associated HIV-1 DNA levels.Methods: In a representative subset of 201 of 266 randomized patients (104 in the dual-therapy arm and 97 in the triple-therapy arm) total HIV-1 DNA levels in whole blood at baseline and after 48 weeks and factors associated with the HIV-1 DNA levels were evaluated.Results: The mean baseline HIV-1 DNA levels (2.47 log 10 copies/10 6 leucocytes) were comparable between arms. A significant mean decrease between baseline and week 48 was observed: -0.069 log 10 copies/10 6 leucocytes in the dual-therapy arm ( P  =   0.046) and -0.078 in the triple-therapy arm ( P  =   0.011); the mean difference between arms was -0.009 ( P  =   0.842). Nadir CD4 count was inversely correlated with baseline HIV-1 DNA ( P  =   0.009); longer duration of ART and lower nadir CD4 correlated with a less prominent HIV-1 DNA decrease (both P  <   0.005). Higher baseline HIV-1 DNA was associated with residual viraemia at week 48 ( P  =   0.031).Conclusions: When compared with continuing three-drug therapy, atazanavir/ritonavir+lamivudine dual therapy resulted in a similar decline in HIV-1 DNA levels in patients with sustained virological suppression. These data support the safety of this simplified treatment strategy in terms of its effect on the cellular HIV-1 reservoir.

AB - Objectives: The AtLaS-M randomized trial showed that in patients with HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL on atazanavir/ritonavir + two NRTIs, switching to a dual therapy with atazanavir/ritonavir+lamivudine had superior efficacy as compared with continuing the previous triple therapy. This substudy was designed to evaluate at 48 weeks the impact of the dual therapy versus the three-drug atazanavir/ritonavir-based therapy on the HIV-1 cellular reservoir as reflected by the quantification of blood-associated HIV-1 DNA levels.Methods: In a representative subset of 201 of 266 randomized patients (104 in the dual-therapy arm and 97 in the triple-therapy arm) total HIV-1 DNA levels in whole blood at baseline and after 48 weeks and factors associated with the HIV-1 DNA levels were evaluated.Results: The mean baseline HIV-1 DNA levels (2.47 log 10 copies/10 6 leucocytes) were comparable between arms. A significant mean decrease between baseline and week 48 was observed: -0.069 log 10 copies/10 6 leucocytes in the dual-therapy arm ( P  =   0.046) and -0.078 in the triple-therapy arm ( P  =   0.011); the mean difference between arms was -0.009 ( P  =   0.842). Nadir CD4 count was inversely correlated with baseline HIV-1 DNA ( P  =   0.009); longer duration of ART and lower nadir CD4 correlated with a less prominent HIV-1 DNA decrease (both P  <   0.005). Higher baseline HIV-1 DNA was associated with residual viraemia at week 48 ( P  =   0.031).Conclusions: When compared with continuing three-drug therapy, atazanavir/ritonavir+lamivudine dual therapy resulted in a similar decline in HIV-1 DNA levels in patients with sustained virological suppression. These data support the safety of this simplified treatment strategy in terms of its effect on the cellular HIV-1 reservoir.

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