Evolution of Nonmalignant Portal Vein Thrombosis in Liver Cirrhosis: A Pictorial Review

Shixue Xu, Xiaozhong Guo, Benqiang Yang, Fernando Gomes Romeiro, Massimo Primignani, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez, Eric M. Yoshida, Andrea Mancuso, Frank Tacke, Carlos Noronha Ferreira, Valerio De Stefano, Xingshun Qi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a common complication in liver cirrhosis, especially in advanced cirrhosis. It may be related to a higher risk of liver-related events and liver function deterioration. Imaging examinations can not only provide an accurate diagnosis of PVT, such as the extent of thrombus involvement and the degree of lumen occupied, but also identify the nature of thrombus (i.e., benign/malignant and acute/chronic). Evolution of PVT, mainly including development, recanalization, progression, stability, and recurrence, could also be assessed based on the imaging examinations. This article briefly reviews the pathophysiology, diagnosis, classification, and evolution of PVT with an emphasis on their computed tomography imaging features.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e00409
JournalClinical and Translational Gastroenterology
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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