Evolution of psychological condition in caregivers of patients with disorders of consciousness a longitudinal study

Francesco Corallo, Lilla Bonanno, Viviana Lo Buono, Simona De Salvo, Cettina Allone, Rosanna Palmeri, Elena La Gattuta, Carmela Rifici, Antonella Alagna, Antonino Todaro, Placido Bramanti, Silvia Marino

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate mood disorders and needs in caregivers of disorders of consciousness (DOC) patients during the admission to Neurorehabilitation Unit. A total of 80 caregivers was enrolled and divided in two groups (caregivers of vegetative state-VS patients and caregivers of minimally conscious state-MCS patients). Paired sample t tests were carried out to test differences between baseline observation (T0) and after 6 months (T1). Caregivers of VS patients showed an improvement between T0 and T1 especially, in vitality, mean health, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Y (STAI-Y), Prolonged Grief Disorder (PG 12) and Caregiver Needs Assessment (CNA). On the other hand, caregivers of MCS patients showed a significant improvement in: BDI II, STAI Y and CNA. These data confirmed that the presence of psychological problems, the quality of life and the psychological wellbeing of caregivers of DOC patients improved over the time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1249-1253
Number of pages5
JournalNeurological Sciences
Volume38
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

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    Corallo, F., Bonanno, L., Lo Buono, V., De Salvo, S., Allone, C., Palmeri, R., La Gattuta, E., Rifici, C., Alagna, A., Todaro, A., Bramanti, P., & Marino, S. (2017). Evolution of psychological condition in caregivers of patients with disorders of consciousness a longitudinal study. Neurological Sciences, 38(7), 1249-1253. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10072-017-2941-6