Ex Vivo Effect of Varespladib on Secretory Phospholipase A2 Alveolar Activity in Infants with ARDS

Daniele de Luca, Angelo Minucci, Marco Piastra, Paola E. Cogo, Francesca Vendittelli, Laura Marzano, Leonarda Gentile, Bruno Giardina, Giorgio Conti, Ettore D. Capoluongo

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Abstract

Background: Secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) plays a pivotal role in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). This enzyme seems an interesting target to reduce surfactant catabolism and lung tissue inflammation. Varespladib is a specifically designed indolic sPLA2 inhibitor, which has shown promising results in animals and adults. No specific data in pediatric ARDS patients are yet available. Methods: We studied varespladib in broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL) fluids obtained ex vivo from pediatric ARDS patients. Clinical data and worst gas exchange values during the ARDS course were recorded. Samples were treated with saline or 10-40-100 μM varespladib and incubated at 37°C. Total sPLA2 activity was measured by non-radioactive method. BAL samples were subjected to western blotting to identify the main sPLA isotypes with different sensitivity to varespladib. Results was corrected for lavage dilution using the serum-to-BAL urea ratio and for varespladib absorbance. Results: Varespladib reduces sPLA2 activity (p50 was 80 μM. Western blotting revealed the presence of sPLA2-IIA and -IB isotypes in BAL samples. Significant correlations exist between the sPLA2 activity reduction/proteins ratio and PaO2 (rho = 0.63;p2/FiO2 (rho = 0.7; p

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere47066
JournalPLoS One
Volume7
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 11 2012

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

de Luca, D., Minucci, A., Piastra, M., Cogo, P. E., Vendittelli, F., Marzano, L., Gentile, L., Giardina, B., Conti, G., & Capoluongo, E. D. (2012). Ex Vivo Effect of Varespladib on Secretory Phospholipase A2 Alveolar Activity in Infants with ARDS. PLoS One, 7(10), [e47066]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047066