RANTES and sCD30 were measured in ex vivo culture supernatants of unstimulated or stimulated PBMC in order to investigate their potential role as markers of acute immune activation. Patients in an advanced stage of HIV infection (AIDS A) were compared to AIDS patients who were evaluated for pneumonia at the time of blood withdrawal (AIDS B); HIV+ individuals with nonprogressive infection (LTNP) and healthy donors (N) served as controls. Constitutive levels of RANTES were significantly elevated in AIDS B patients (P 0.0001), whereas spontaneous release of sCD30 was strongly correlated with the presence of both pneumonia (P 0.002) and HIV infection (P 0.004). LPS was a strong inducer of RANTES in all four categories; however, in AIDS B patients a negative and positive correlation between constitutive and induced levels was observed with LPS (P 0.0004) and IFN-γ (P 0.006), respectively. We clearly showed that IFN-γ reached a fourfold superinduction of sCD30 release in both HIV-positive and -negative individuals, whereas IL-6-driven production of both sCD30 and RANTES occurred only in healthy donors. Ex vivo RANTES levels may also be monitored as an index of acute immune activation under conditions of chronic activation of the immune system, whereas sCD30 release may be equally indicative of both acute and chronic processes of T cell activation. Proinflammatory stimuli differentially affected RANTES and sCD30 secretion in ex vivo PBMC cultures, suggesting complex pathways in the in vivo regulation of these two molecules. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
- Ex vivo
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine