Excess mortality related to circulatory system diseases and diabetes mellitus among Italian AIDS patients vs. non-AIDS population: A population-based cohort study using the multiple causes-of-death approach

Barbara Suligoi, Saverio Virdone, Martina Taborelli, Luisa Frova, Enrico Grande, Francesco Grippo, Marilena Pappagallo, Vincenza Regine, Lucia Pugliese, Diego Serraino, Antonella Zucchetto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Chronic diseases, chiefly cancers and circulatory system diseases (CSDs), have become the leading non-AIDS-related causes of death among HIV-infected people, as in the general population. After our previous report of an excess mortality for several non-AIDS-defining cancers, we now aim to assess whether people with AIDS (PWA) experience also an increased mortality for CSDs and diabetes mellitus (DM), as compared to the non-AIDS general population (non-PWA). Methods: A nationwide, population-based, retrospective cohort study was conducted including 5285 Italians, aged 15-74 years, who were diagnosed with AIDS between 2006 and 2011. Multiple cause-of-death (MCoD) data, i.e. all conditions reported in death certificates, were retrieved through record-linkage with the National Register of Causes of Death up to 2011. Using MCoD data, sex- and age-standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by dividing the observed number of PWA reporting a specific disease among MCoD to the expected number, estimated on the basis of mortality rates (based on MCoD) of non-PWA. Results: Among 1229 deceased PWA, CSDs were mentioned in 201 (16.4%) certificates and DM in 46 (3.7%) certificates among the various causes of death. These values corresponded to a 13-fold higher mortality related to CSDs (95% CI 10.8-14.4) and DM (95% CI: 9.5-17.4) as compared to 952,019 deceased non-PWA. Among CSDs, statistically significant excess mortality emerged for hypertension (23 deaths, SMR = 6.3, 95% CI: 4.0-9.4), ischemic heart diseases (39 deaths, SMR = 6.1, 95% CI: 4.4-8.4), other forms of heart diseases (88 deaths, SMR = 13.4, 95% CI: 10.8-16.5), and cerebrovascular diseases (42 deaths, SMR = 13.4, 95% CI: 9.7-18.2). The SMRs were particularly elevated among PWA aged < 50 years and those infected through drug injection. Conclusions: The use of MCoD data disclosed the fairly high mortality excess related to several CSDs and DM among Italian PWA as compared to non-PWA. Study findings also indicate to start preventive strategies for such diseases at a younger age among AIDS patients than in the general population and with focus on drug users.

Original languageEnglish
Article number428
JournalBMC Infectious Diseases
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 28 2018

Keywords

  • Circulatory system diseases
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Multiple causes of death
  • Standardized mortality ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases

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