Executive Functioning in Older Adult Outpatients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Preliminary Study

Sara Bottiroli, Tomaso Vecchi, Francesca Campanella, Alessia Varetta, Maria Cristina Gallotti, Elisa Perego, Maria Teresa Tenconi, Elena Cavallini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Given the multi-componential nature of executive functions, we compared 48 outpatients affected by Type 2 diabetes and 49 control subjects on the executive domains of inhibition, updating, shifting, and word fluency. Variables commonly associated with diabetes were considered in explaining the relationship between diabetes and executive functioning. Each participant underwent a clinical and cognitive (addressing the four executive domains) evaluation. Raw test scores were standardized per domain and compared between groups. Possible risk factors related to diabetes were examined. The diabetes group scored lower than the control subjects only in the inhibition measure, whereas no differences resulted in the other executive domains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-107
Number of pages17
JournalClinical Gerontologist
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

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Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
chronic illness
Outpatients
Executive Function
Group
Inhibition (Psychology)
evaluation

Keywords

  • aging
  • executive functions
  • hypertension
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gerontology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Executive Functioning in Older Adult Outpatients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus : A Preliminary Study. / Bottiroli, Sara; Vecchi, Tomaso; Campanella, Francesca; Varetta, Alessia; Gallotti, Maria Cristina; Perego, Elisa; Tenconi, Maria Teresa; Cavallini, Elena.

In: Clinical Gerontologist, Vol. 37, No. 2, 03.2014, p. 91-107.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bottiroli, Sara ; Vecchi, Tomaso ; Campanella, Francesca ; Varetta, Alessia ; Gallotti, Maria Cristina ; Perego, Elisa ; Tenconi, Maria Teresa ; Cavallini, Elena. / Executive Functioning in Older Adult Outpatients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus : A Preliminary Study. In: Clinical Gerontologist. 2014 ; Vol. 37, No. 2. pp. 91-107.
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