Executive functions in early childhood: Interrelations and structural development of inhibition, set-shifting and working memory

Paolo Stievano, Giovanni Valeri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of the present study is to examine the interrelations of executive function (EF) tasks with general cognitive ability and linguistic level in preschool children. The analyses of the correlation between EF sub-domains, particularly inhibition and setshifting, have been studied to comprehend the ontogenesis of EFs. Task analysis has allowed us to identify which EF sub-domains are prevalent in each task, with particular attention to inhibition and set-shifting definitions. The sample was composed of 40 typically developing children from 48 to 69 months old (M = 58 months, SD = 5.02); 28 boys and 12 girls. The results give some insight into the development of executive functions, their utility in clinical assessment and indication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-45
Number of pages19
JournalNeuropsychological Trends
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

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Executive Function
Short-Term Memory
Aptitude
Preschool Children
Linguistics
Inhibition (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Executive function
  • Inhibition
  • Preschoolers
  • Set-shifting
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

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