Exercise hemodynamics 1 month, 2 months and 1 year after myocardial infarction: Prognostic considerations

Luigi Tavazzi, Amerigo Giordano, Pantaleo Giannuzzi, Gianfranco Ignone, Francesco Galdangelo, Giulio Guagliumi, Giuseppe Mimico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sequential electrocardiographic and hemodynamic changes were studied at rest and during symptom-limited bicycle exercise in oligo-asymptomatic patients after myocardial infarction (MI). The exercise tests were performed after the acute episode on days 29 ± 4 (El) and 62 ± 6 (E2) in 128 patients; on days 37 ± 5 (El) and 380 ± 4 (E3) in 97 patients; on days 37 ± 4 (El), 72 ± 6 (E2) and 394 ± 30 (E3) in 44 patients. All patients underwent an intensive physical training during the second month after the MI. All groups showed a significant increase in work capacity and reduction in heart rate and rate-pressure product at similar work load (E2 and E3 vs. El). These changes were independent from the level of exercise pulmonary wedge pressure (E-PWP). On the average a reduction of PWP was observed in more compromised patients after training, which became more marked at 1 year. At similar work load 1 year after MI the cardiac index reduced in less compromised patients (El-PWP ≤ 30 mm Hg) while it remained unchanged in patients with El-PWP <30 mm Hg. Continuation or interruption of the physical training did not seem to affect the hemodynamic evolution. The incidence of ST-segment depression did not change from 1 month to 2 months and 1 year after MI, while both incidence and amount of ST-segment elevation significantly decreased and the sum of R-wave voltages in 12 lead ECG increased at 1 year. In conclusion, oligo-asymptomatic patients, trained and treated by drugs, trend to improve in the first year post-infarct.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-66
Number of pages14
JournalCardiology
Volume68
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1981

Keywords

  • Cardiac rehabilitation
  • Exercise hemodynamics
  • Exercise test
  • Myocardial infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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