Exercise-rest Tc-99m tetrofosmin SPECT in patients with chronic ischemic left ventricular dysfunction: Direct comparison with Tl-201 reinjection

Emanuele Nicolai, Alberto Cuocolo, Wanda Acampa, Andrea Varrone, Leonardo Pace, Marco Salvatore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. This study was designed to compare the results of exercise-rest technetium-99m tetrofosmin single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with those of thallium-201 reinjection at rest after exercise-redistribution imaging in the same patients with chronic ischemic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Methods. Within 1 week, 33 patients with chronic myocardial infarction and LV dysfunction underwent exercise-rest tetrofosmin SPECT and Tl-201 reinjection at rest after exercise-redistribution imaging. In each patient, regional tetrofosmin and Tl-201 activity was quantitatively measured in 22 myocardial segments. Regional LV function was assessed in corresponding segments by echocardiography. Results. Agreement in the evaluation of regional perfusion status between tetrofosmin and Tl-201 imaging was observed in 78% of the 726 total segments, with a κ value of 0.61. In segments with normal function at echocardiography (n = 436), no difference between Tl-201 and tetrofosmin uptake was observed. In hypokinetic segments (n = 138), exercise tetrofosmin uptake was lower (P <.01) as compared with exercise Tl-201 activity, whereas no difference was observed between tetrofosmin uptake at rest as compared with Tl-201 activity on redistribution and reinjection images. In segments with severe functional impairment (akinetic or dyskinetic, n = 152), tetrofosmin uptake on exercise images was reduced (P <.01) as compared with exercise Tl-201 activity; furthermore, tetrofosmin uptake at rest was lower (P <.01) as compared with Tl-201 activity on both redistribution and reinjection images. In these segments, concordance in the detection of myocardial viability between tetrofosmin and Tl-201 imaging was observed in 138 (91%) of the 152 segments, with a κ value of 0.77. Conclusions. In patients with chronic coronary artery disease and LV dysfunction quantitative exercise-rest tetrofosmin and Tl-201 reinjection SPECT provide similar information in the assessment of perfusion status and in the detection of myocardial viability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-277
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nuclear Cardiology
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1999

Keywords

  • Myocardial infarction
  • Myocardial perfusion
  • Myocardial viability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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