Exercise restores β-adrenergic vasorelaxation in aged rat carotid arteries

Dario Leosco, Guido Iaccarino, Ersilia Cipolletta, Domenico De Santis, Eliana Pisani, Valentina Trimarco, Nicola Ferrara, Pasquale Abete, Daniela Sorriento, Franco Rengo, Bruno Trimarco

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Abstract

Aging is associated with alterations in β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) signaling and reduction in cardiovascular responses to β-AR stimulation. Because exercise can attenuate age-related impairment in myocardial β-AR signaling and function, we tested whether training could also exert favorable effects on vascular β-AR responses. We evaluated common carotid artery responsiveness in isolated vessel ring preparations from 8 aged male Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats trained for 6 wk in a 5 days/wk swimming protocol, 10 untrained agematched rats, and 10 young WKY rats. Vessels were preconstricted with phenylephrine (10-6 M), and vasodilation was assessed in response to the β-AR agonist isoproterenol (10-10-3 × 10-8 M), the α2-AR agonist UK-14304 (10-9-10-6 M), the muscarinic receptor agonist ACh (10-9-10-6 M), and nitroprusside (10-8-10-5 M). β-AR density and cytoplasmic β-AR kinase (β-ARK) activity were tested on pooled carotid arteries. β-ARK expression was assessed in two endothelial cell lines from bovine aorta and aorta isolated from a 12-wk WKY rat. β-AR, α2-AR, and muscarinic responses, but not that to nitroprusside, were depressed in untrained aged vs. young animals. Exercise training restored β-AR and muscarinic responses but did not affect vasodilation induced by UK-14304 and nitroprusside. Aged carotid arteries showed reduced β-AR number and increased β-ARK activity. Training counterbalanced these phenomena and restored β-AR density and β-ARK activity to levels observed in young rat carotids. Our data indicate that age impairs β-AR vasorelaxation in rat carotid arteries through β-AR downregulation and desensitization. Exercise restores this response and reverts age-related modification in β-ARs and β-ARK. Our data support an important role for β-ARK in vascular β-AR vasorelaxation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume285
Issue number1 54-1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2003

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Beta-adrenergic receptor
  • Exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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  • Cite this

    Leosco, D., Iaccarino, G., Cipolletta, E., De Santis, D., Pisani, E., Trimarco, V., Ferrara, N., Abete, P., Sorriento, D., Rengo, F., & Trimarco, B. (2003). Exercise restores β-adrenergic vasorelaxation in aged rat carotid arteries. American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 285(1 54-1).