Exit-site and tunnel infections in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients

A. Scalamogna, C. Castelnovo, A. De Vecchi, C. Ponticelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

One hundred two exit-site infections (ESI) were diagnosed in 63 of 163 (38.6%) patients, with an incidence of one episode every 23.7 patient-months in patients with a history of ESI, whereas in the overall continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) population the incidence was one episode every 48.7 patient-months. In diminishing order of frequency, the bacteria isolated were Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Escherichia coli. The probability of remaining free of ESI was 72% at 1 year and 45% at 5 years. The ESI that led to catheter removal were due to S aureus and gram-negative rods. In 13 (48%) of 27 S aureus ESI unresponsive to antibiotics and local care, deroofing and outer cuff shaving completely resolved the ESI. Despite this treatment, the catheters of the remaining 14 patients had to be removed because of peritonitis associated with the tunnel infection. In conclusion, ESI is a major cause of CAPD failure. In our series, shaving the cuff as a rescue treatment was effective for almost 50% of the patients with antibiotic-resistant S aureus ESI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)674-677
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Volume18
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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