Exome sequencing identifies variants in two genes encoding the LIM-proteins NRAP and FHL1 in an Italian patient with BAG3 myofibrillar myopathy

Francesca D’Avila, Mirella Meregalli, Sara Lupoli, Matteo Barcella, Alessandro Orro, Francesca de Santis, Clementina Sitzia, Andrea Farini, Pasqualina D’Ursi, Silvia Erratico, Riccardo Cristofani, Luciano Milanesi, Daniele Braga, Daniele Cusi, Angelo Poletti, Cristina Barlassina, Yvan Torrente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Myofibrillar myopathies (MFMs) are genetically heterogeneous dystrophies characterized by the disintegration of Z-disks and myofibrils and are associated with mutations in genes encoding Z-disk or Z-disk-related proteins. The c.626 C > T (p.P209L) mutation in the BAG3 gene has been described as causative of a subtype of MFM. We report a sporadic case of a 26-year-old Italian woman, affected by MFM with axonal neuropathy, cardiomyopathy, rigid spine, who carries the c.626 C > T mutation in the BAG3 gene. The patient and her non-consanguineous healthy parents and brother were studied with whole exome sequencing (WES) to further investigate the genetic basis of this complex phenotype. In the patient, we found that the BAG3 mutation is associated with variants in the NRAP and FHL1 genes that encode muscle-specific, LIM domain containing proteins. Quantitative real time PCR, immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis of the patient’s muscular biopsy showed the absence of NRAP expression and FHL1 accumulation in aggregates in the affected skeletal muscle tissue. Molecular dynamic analysis of the mutated FHL1 domain showed a modification in its surface charge, which could affect its capability to bind its target proteins. To our knowledge this is the first study reporting, in a BAG3 MFM, the simultaneous presence of genetic variants in the BAG3 and FHL1 genes (previously described as independently associated with MFMs) and linking the NRAP gene to MFM for the first time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-115
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • BAG3
  • Exome sequencing
  • LIM proteins
  • Myofibrillar myopathies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology
  • Biochemistry

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