Translated title of the contribution: Exophthalmos: Anatomoradiological correlations in three cases

G. Ferrari, A. Bacci, C. Mascari, V. Manetto, A. Pazzaglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We describe three cases significant for the differential diagnosis of exophthalamos. MR scans were performed with an Elscint Gyrex V 0.5 T scanner fitted with a surface bobbin especially designed for the orbit. Spin echo, gradient echo and T1 and T2 weighted sequences were performed with and without gadolinium enhancement. A medium field (0.5 T) machine is required for scanning with a surface bobbin while high fields are sufficient for the head bobbin. Direct coronal and sagittal CT scans were performed using a General Electric Pace machine. The origin of exophthalamos appeared to differ in each of our three cases when the clinical features were analysed in relation to histological findings. One patient presented a cavernous hemangioma, one dacryoadenitis and one had a serous cyst of the rectus lateralis muscle. Changes in density (CT) and signal (MR) and the relations with the anatomical structures involved established diagnosis. Histological confirmation is given at the end of each case report.

Translated title of the contributionExophthalmos: Anatomoradiological correlations in three cases
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)437-444
Number of pages8
JournalRivista di Neuroradiologia
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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