Experimental evaluation of errors in the measurement of respiratory parameters of the newborn performed by a continuous flow neonatal ventilator

P. Cappa, S. A. Sciuto, S. Silvestri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pulmonary ventilators for intensive care provide information on, among many other patient respiratory parameters, patient resistance, compliance and 'work of breathing' values calculated from pressure and flow data patterns according to a widely utilized algorithm. The effects induced by the breathing circuit and analogue filtering of the ventilator measuring system are experimentally investigated during controlled ventilation. Three main phenomena are observed: (a) errors in calculation of resistance and compliance due to filtering of pressure and flow waveforms; (b) the presence of pressure oscillations at the beginning of inspiration and expiration phases; and (c) the phase shift between pressure and flow waveforms. The experimental evaluation of the measuring system of a neonatal ventilator is then conducted and: (a) a delay in pressure and flow measurement synchronization equal to 22 ± 2 ms is evaluated; moreover, (b) a difference between the values provided by the ventilator and those measured by the reference experimental setup on respiratory parameters such as the compliance, resistance and work of breathing that lies in the range of 7-16% of reading is observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-40
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Medical Engineering and Technology
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2006

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Mechanical Ventilators
Newborn Infant
Pressure
Work of Breathing
Compliance
Flow measurement
Pressure measurement
Phase shift
Ventilation
Critical Care
Patient Compliance
Synchronization
Reading
Respiration
Networks (circuits)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management

Cite this

Experimental evaluation of errors in the measurement of respiratory parameters of the newborn performed by a continuous flow neonatal ventilator. / Cappa, P.; Sciuto, S. A.; Silvestri, S.

In: Journal of Medical Engineering and Technology, Vol. 30, No. 1, 02.2006, p. 31-40.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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