Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are chronic inflammatory disorders of gastrointestinal tract defined by clinical, endoscopic, histological and radiological features. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGIE) plays an important role in the diagnostic assessment of IBD; in approximately 5% to 30% differentiation between Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) is not possible and a diagnosis of indeterminate colitis (IC) is made. In CD patients upper endoscopic lesions are represented by erythema, ulcerations, strictures and mucosal bridges in oesophagus, stomach and duodenum. UGIE should be part of the first-line investigation in all new cases suspected of IBD; the absence of specific upper gastrointestinal symptoms does not preclude a presence of upper gastrointestinal inflammation. The presence of upper gastrointestinal symptoms is commonly considered an indication for endoscopy.
|Title of host publication||Gastrointestinal Endoscopy in Children|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||4|
|ISBN (Print)||9781634630795, 9781634630740|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1 2014|
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