Exploiting the interplay between innate and adaptive immunity to improve immunotherapeutic strategies for epstein-barr-virus-driven disorders

Debora Martorelli, Elena Muraro, Anna Merlo, Riccardo Turrini, Damiana Antonia Faè, Antonio Rosato, Riccardo Dolcetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The recent demonstration that immunotherapeutic approaches may be clinically effective for cancer patients has renewed the interest for this strategy of intervention. In particular, clinical trials using adoptive T-cell therapies disclosed encouraging results, particularly in the context of Epstein-Barr-virus- (EBV-) related tumors. Nevertheless, the rate of complete clinical responses is still limited, thus stimulating the development of more effective therapeutic protocols. Considering the relevance of innate immunity in controlling both infections and cancers, innovative immunotherapeutic approaches should take into account also this compartment to improve clinical efficacy. Evidence accumulated so far indicates that innate immunity effectors, particularly NK cells, can be exploited with therapeutic purposes and new targets have been recently identified. We herein review the complex interactions between EBV and innate immunity and summarize the therapeutic strategies involving both adaptive and innate immune system, in the light of a fruitful integration between these immunotherapeutic modalities for a better control of EBV-driven tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number931952
JournalClinical and Developmental Immunology
Volume2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Medicine(all)

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