Exposure to benzene and risk of breast cancer among shoe factory workers in Italy

Adele Seniori Costantini, Giuseppe Gorini, Dario Consonni, Lucia Miligi, Lucia Giovannetti, Margaret Quinn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Alms and background. Evidence of the association between leukemia and benzene exposure has been provided by several epidemiological studies. An increased risk of breast cancer among women exposed to benzene has also been suggested. The aim of this study was to analyze breast cancer risk in a cohort of 1,002 women exposed to benzene in a shoe factory in Florence, Italy, where an excess of leukemia in men was reported. Methods. The cohort of women at work on January 1st, 1950, was followed from 1950 to 2003 for mortality and from 1985 to 2000 for incidence of breast cancer. For a sub- cohort of 797 women, cumulative exposure to benzene was available. Results. Standardized mortality ratios were obtained for the 797 women for whom in formation on cumulative exposure was available. For those with 40 ppm- year and ≥30 year latency period category, the standardized mortality ratio was 166.0 (95% CI, 62.3-442.2, based on 4 deaths). The standardized incidence ratio for women with a latency period 40 ppm-years and a latency period

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-12
Number of pages5
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2009


  • Benzene
  • Breast cancer
  • Shoe worker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology


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