Exposure to loud noise and risk of vestibular schwannoma: results from the INTERPHONE international case‒control study

Isabelle Deltour, Brigitte Schlehofer, Amélie Massardier-Pilonchéry, Klaus Schlaefer, Bruce Armstrong, Graham G Giles, Jack Siemiatycki, Marie-Elise Parent, Daniel Krewski, Mary McBride, Christoffer Johansen, Anssi Auvinen, Tiina Salminen, Martine Hours, Lucile Montestrucq, Maria Blettner, Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff, Siegal Sadetzki, Angela Chetrit, Susanna LagorioIvano Iavarone, Naohito Yamaguchi, Toru Takebayashi, Alistair Woodward, Angus Cook, Tore Tynes, Lars Klaeboe, Maria Feychting Maria Feychting, Stefan Lönn, Sarah Fleming, Anthony J Swerdlow, Minouk J Schoemaker, Monika Moissonnier, Ausrele Kesminiene, Elisabeth Cardis, Joachim Schüz, INTERPHONE Study GroupM3 - doi: 10.5271/sjweh.3781

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVE: Studies of loud noise exposure and vestibular schwannomas (VS) have shown conflicting results. The population-based INTERPHONE case‒control study was conducted in 13 countries during 2000–2004. In this paper, we report the results of analyses on the association between VS and self-reported loud noise exposure.

METHODS: Self-reported noise exposure was analyzed in 1024 VS cases and 1984 matched controls. Life-long noise exposure was estimated through detailed questions. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using adjusted conditional logistic regression for matched sets.

RESULTS: The OR for total work and leisure noise exposure was 1.6 (95% CI 1.4–1.9). OR were 1.5 (95% CI 1.3–1.9) for only occupational noise, 1.9 (95% CI 1.4–2.6) for only leisure noise and 1.7 (95% CI 1.2–2.2) for exposure in both contexts. OR increased slightly with increasing lag-time. For occupational exposures, duration, time since exposure start and a metric combining lifetime duration and weekly exposure showed significant trends of increasing risk with increasing exposure. OR did not differ markedly by source or other characteristics of noise.

CONCLUSION: The consistent associations seen are likely to reflect either recall bias or a causal association, or potentially indicate a mixture of both.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-193
Number of pages11
JournalScandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • acoustic neuroma
  • case‒control study
  • epidemiology
  • exposure
  • international
  • loud noise
  • noise
  • noise exposure
  • vestibular schwannoma


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