Exposure to statins is associated to fracture risk reduction in elderly people with cardiovascular disease: Evidence from the AIFA-I-GrADE observational project

Federico Rea, Stefano Bonassi, Cristiana Vitale, Gianluca Trifirò, Silvia Cascini, Giuseppe Roberto, Alessandro Chinellato, Ersilia Lucenteforte, Alessandro Mugelli, Giovanni Corrao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Conflicting findings were observed from clinical trials and observational studies evaluating the association between the use of statins and the risk of fracture. A case-control study nested into a cohort of elderly patients on treatment with statins for cardiovascular secondary prevention was performed on this issue. Methods: The cohort was formed by 13 875 individuals aged ≥65 years from several Italian health units receiving statins after hospital discharge for cardiovascular outcomes. From this cohort, 964 patients who experienced fracture were identified (i.e., cases). Up to five controls were randomly selected for each case from the underlying cohort. Conditional logistic regression was used to model the risk of fracture associated with adherence to statins, which was measured from the proportion of days covered (PDC) by treatment. A set of sensitivity analyses was performed in order to account for sources of systematic uncertainty. Results: Compared with patients with low adherence (PDC ≤ 40%), those on intermediate (PDC 41-80%) and high (PDC > 80%) adherence exhibited a risk reduction of 21% (95% confidence interval 6% to 23%) and 25% (7% to 40%). Similar effects were observed among patients younger and older than 80 years, as well as among men, while there was no evidence that adherence to statins affected the risk of fracture among women. Sensitivity analyses revealed that the associations were consistent and robust. Conclusions: Use of statins for secondary cardiovascular prevention is associated with fracture risk reduction in elderly people. Further studies are required to better clarify the statin-fracture association in postmenopausal women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775-784
JournalPharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Volume26
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Databases
  • Fracture prevention
  • Nested case-control
  • Pharmacoepidemiology
  • Rule-out sensitivity analysis
  • Statins
  • Unmeasured confounders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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