Expression and contribution of satellite glial cells purinoceptors to pain transmission in sensory ganglia: An update

Giovanni Villa, Marta Fumagalli, Claudia Verderio, Maria P. Abbracchio, Stefania Ceruti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The role of adenosine-5-triphosphate (ATP) and of the ligand-gated P2X 3 receptor in neuronal dorsal root ganglia (DRG) pain transmission is relatively well established. Much less is known about the purinergic system in trigeminal ganglia (TG), which are involved in certain types of untreatable neuropathic and inflammatory pain, as well as in migraine. Emerging data suggest that purinergic metabotropic P2Y receptors on both neurons and satellite glial cells (SGCs) may also participate in both physiological and pathological pain development. Here, we provide an updated literature review on the role of purinergic signaling in sensory ganglia, with special emphasis on P2Y receptors on SGCs. We also provide new original data showing a time-dependent downregulation of P2Y2 and P2Y4 receptor expression and function in purified SGCs cultures from TG, in comparison with primary mixed neuron-SGCs cultures. These data highlight the importance of the neuron-glia cross-talk in determining the SGCs phenotype. Finally, we show that, in mixed TG cultures, both adenine and guanosine induce intracellular calcium transients in neurons but not in SGCs, suggesting that also these purinergic-related molecules can participate in pain signaling. These findings may have relevant implications for the development of new therapeutic strategies for chronic pain treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-42
Number of pages12
JournalNeuron Glia Biology
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

Keywords

  • cell-to-cell communication
  • Extracellular nucleotides
  • nociception
  • purines
  • trigeminal ganglia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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