Cell death induced by growth factor withdrawal is a programed event in which gene transcription and translation are required. Thus, it is likely that genes encoding for transcriptional factors can play an important role in this process. We have tested this hypothesis by analyzing c-fos and c-jun protooncogene expression and involvement in lymphoid cells deprived of growth factors. Interleukin (IL)-6- and IL-2-dependent mouse cell lines undergo programed cell death after growth factor deprivation. Northern blot analysis shows that c-fos and c-jun protooncogenes are rapidly induced (within 60 min) after growth factor deprivation in IL-6- and IL-2-dependent mouse cells. Induction is transient, being undetectable at 120 min after deprivation. Induction of these protooncogenes is at the transcriptional level, as demonstrated by actinomycin D and nuclear run-off experiments. Antisense oligonucleotides directed against c-fos and c-jun mRNAs consistently reduced the expression of these genes in treated cells. This reduction was associated with increased survival of growth factor-deprived lymphoid cells, thus suggesting that the expression of c-fos and c-jun protooncogenes may represent an important early event in the activation of the genetic program of cell death.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
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