Expression and prognostic value of VEGFR-2, PDGFR-β, and c-Met in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma

Jie Sheng Chu, Fei Jiao Ge, Bo Zhang, Yan Wang, Nicola Silvestris, Lie Jun Liu, Chuan Hua Zhao, Li Lin, Anna Elisabetta Brunetti, Ya Li Fu, Jun Wang, Angelo Paradiso, Jian Ming Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: We explore the clinical and prognostic significance of expression of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-2, platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR)-β, and c-Met in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods. The expression of VEGFR-2, PDGFR-β, and c-Met were determined by immunohistochemical examination of the tissues of 93 HCC patients. The relationships of these markers with clinicopathological factors and prognosis were then analyzed. Results: High expression of VEGFR-2, PDGFR-β, and c-Met was found in 86%, 19.4%, and 80.6% of patients, respectively. Expression of VEGFR-2 correlated with gender (P = 0.044), hepatitis B surface antigen positivity (P = 0.024), degree of tumor differentiation (P = 0.023), and hepatic cirrhosis (P = 0.026). Expression of PDGFR-β correlated with alpha-fetoprotein level (P = 0.029), tumor size (P = 0.033), and hepatic cirrhosis (P = 0.023). No significant correlations were identified between expression of c-Met and clinicopathological factors. Expression of PDGFR-β correlated with overall survival (P = 0.046) and expression of c-Met correlated with progression-free survival (P = 0.01). Conclusions: We found that in patients with HCC, high expression of VEGFR-2 correlates with chronic hepatitis B virus infection and hepatic cirrhosis. High expression of PDGFR-β is a predictor of poor prognosis. High expression of C-Met may predict therapeutic effectiveness of sorafenib in HCC patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16
JournalJournal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • c-Met
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • PDGFR-β
  • Sorafenib
  • Survival analysis
  • VEGFR-2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology


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