We have set up a model system for familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS) by transfecting human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y with plasmids directing constitutive expression of either wild-type human Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (Cu,ZnSOD) or a mutant of this enzyme (G93A) associated with FALS. We have tested mitochondrial function and determined cytosolic Ca2+ concentration in control cells (untransfected) and in cells expressing either wild-type Cu,ZnSOD or G93A. We report that G93A induces a significant loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, an increased sensitivity toward valinomycin and a parallel increase in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration. The above phenomena are not related to total Cu,ZnSOD content and activity in the cell.
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
- Cytosolic calcium
- Mitochondrial membrane potential
- Oxidative damage
- Superoxide dismutase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology