Chromogranin A (CgA) and its valuable complement synaptic vesicle protein 2 (SV2) are neuroendocrine (NE) markers. Post-translational processing of CgA has been reported to vary in different NE cell types and tumors, but little is known regarding the expression of various CgA epitopes and SV2 in NE pulmonary tumors. We studied the immunoreactivity to six CgA epitopes and SV2 in ten typical (TC) and ten atypical (ACT) carcinoids, five large-cell NE carcinomas (LCNEC) and five small-cell carcinomas (SCLC), also comparing the results with clinicopathological characteristics of tumors. The sequences CgA 17-38 (vasostatin), 176-195 (chromacin), 375-384 (parastatin) and 411-424 (C-terminal parastatin) and SV2 were relevant markers for the CT/ATC group, whereas the antibody to CgA 176-195 was a better marker for the LCNEC/SCLC group. An inverse correlation was found between proliferative activity and granule-related markers in the CT/ACT group, and a direct correlation in poorly differentiated tumors. The expression of granule-related markers did not correlate with hormone content or clinical characteristics of NE tumors. The expression of CgA epitopes and SV2 occurs in all NE tumors, differing between better differentiated and poorly differentiated tumors but not within the respective groups.
- Chromogranin A
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine