Expression of amphiphysin I, an autoantigen of paraneoplastic neurological syndromes, in breast cancer

Scott Floyd, Margaret Husta Butler, Ottavio Cremona, Carol David, Zachary Freyberg, Xiaomei Zhang, Michele Solimena, Akira Tokunaga, Hideki Ishizu, Kimiko Tsutsui, Pietro De Camilli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Amphiphysin I is a 128 kD protein highly concentrated in nerve terminals, where it has a putative role in endocytosis. It is a dominant autoantigen in patients with stiff-man syndrome associated with breast cancer, as well as in other paraneoplastic autoimmune neurological disorders. To elucidate the connection between amphiphysin I autoimmunity and cancer, we investigated its expression in breast cancer tissue. We report that amphiphysin I was expressed as two isoforms of 128 and 108 led in the breast cancer of a patient with anti-amphiphysin I antibodies and paraneoplastic sensory neuronopathy. Amphiphysin I was also detectable at variable levels in several other human breast cancer tissues and cell lines and at low levels in normal mammary tissue and a variety of other non-neuronal tissues. The predominant amphiphysin I isoform expressed outside the brain in humans is the 108 kD isoform which represents an alternatively spliced variant of neuronal amphiphysin I missing a 42 amino acid insert. Our study suggests a link between amphiphysin I expression in cancer and amphiphysin I autoimmunity. The enhanced expression of amphiphysin I in some forms of cancer supports the hypothesis that amphiphysin family members may play a role in the biology of cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-39
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.)
Volume4
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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