We assessed the expression of the epidermal growth factor (EGF)-related peptides, cripto-I (CR-I) and amphiregulin (AR), in a small panel of human colon adenomas and carcinomas. CR-I immunoreactivity was found in 17/31 (55%) of colon adenomas, and in 33/39 (84%) colon carcinomas. AR immunostaining was observed in 16/26 adenomas (61%) and in 20/26 carcinomas (77%). CR-I and AR staining were also assessed in 29 specimens from 24 individuals that belong to families with high incidence of colorectal carcinoma, and in 5 non-high risk individuals. Expression of CR-I was detected in 18/29 (62%) of high risk colon mucosa specimens, but only in 1/5 (20%) specimens from non-high risk individuals, while AR staining was found in 20/29 (69%) and in 4/5 (80%) of colon mucosa samples from high and low risk individuals, respectively. A majority (21/29; 72%) of the specimens from the high risk individuals had a high proliferative rate, as measured by Ki-67 staining. A statistically significant correlation was found between high proliferative rate, increased expression of CR-I and reduced expression of AR in the mucosa specimens from high risk individuals, suggesting that these might represent early events in colon tumorigenesis.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||International Journal of Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1999|
- Colon carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research