Expression of the transcription factor GATA-1, which regulates several erythroid specific genes and possibly also some megakaryocytic genes, has been previously detected in normal erythroblasts, megakaryocytes, and basophils, and in some myeloid cell lines. It has been suggested that GATA-1 may be first expressed in a common progenitor and then further activated during erythroid-megakaryocytic and basophilic differentiation and repressed during myeloid maturation. We investigated GATA-1 mRNA expression in highly purified leukemic blasts representing different lineages and stages of myeloid differentiation and in a recently established leukemic cell line, GF-D8, which exhibits morphological, cytochemical and immunophenotypic characteristics of early myeloid progenitor cells. We found GATA-1 expression in five of five myeloid and in one megakaryocytic blast crisis of CML, in four of six cases of myelomonocytic leukemias (M4 according to FAB classification), in one case of erythroleukemia (M6), whereas lymphoid blast crisis of CML and all other FAB groups were completely negative. In addition, a low level of GATA-1 mRNA was also expressed by the GF-D8 cell line. These data further support the hypothesis that GATA-1 expression may occur not only in erythroid and megakaryocytic progenitors, but also in early myeloid progenitors, and then be further regulated during lineage-specific maturation.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research