B lymphocytes were purified from the peripheral blood of 30 B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) patients and tested for the ability to produce granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in vitro. Fifteen Staphylococcus aureus Cowan I (SAC)-stimulated, but not unstimulated, B-cell suspensions produced G-CSF in short-term cultures. Accordingly, G-CSF mRNA was detected only in SAC-stimulated B cells. Five CLL B-cell fractions that released G-CSF following exposure to SAC were also incubated with CD40 or anti-μ antibodies in the presence or absence of recombinant (r) interleukin-2 (IL-2) or IL-4. The 5 cell suspensions produced G-CSF only on culture with CD40 monoclonal antibody in combination with rIL-2 or rIL-4. CD5+ B lymphocytes, which represent the normal counterparts of most B-CLL proliterations, did not produce G-CSF under any of the above culture conditions. G-CSF produced by leukemic B lymphocytes was biologically active, because conditioned media of SAC-stimulated cells supported the in vitro growth of myeloid colonies from normal bone marrow progenitors. The colony stimulating activity of CLL B-cell supernatants was ascribed to both G-CSF and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor. G-CSF receptors (G-CSFRs) were detected on freshly isolated B lymphocytes from 7 of 11 B-CLL patients; 5 of these cell suspensions produced G-CSF in culture, whereas 2 did not. rG-CSF rescued 3 of the 7 G-CSFR+ cell fractions from spontaneous apoptosis but had no effect on their in vitro proliferation.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1 1996|
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