Introduction: The CD44 is a membrane glycoprotein that functions as lymph node homing receptor in lymphocyte activation and is involved in homo- and heterotypic cell adhesion. In several tumor cell lines the expression of splice variants (CD44v6 and CD44v7) are correlated with the metastatic potential and confer an advantage in the early steps of the metastatic cascade. In our study we examined 35 cases of non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLC) in order to detect the presence of CD44v6 and to compare its expression with the histologic type, degree of differentiation, stage of the tumor and survival of the patients. Methods: CD44v6 expression in frozen tissue sections of 35 patients with NSCLC who underwent pneumonectomy or lobectomy was analyzed with the VFF-7 monoclonal antibody that detected the CD44v6 variant. The data on survival were analyzed by the actuarial method and compared by the log rank test. Results: The expression of CD44v6 occurred in all the 20 cases of epidermoid carcinomas tested and in 2 out of the 3 cases of undifferentiated large cell carcinoma and was absent in all the 12 adenocarcinomas. No relationship was found between the presence of this marker and the grading or the stage of the pathology. The 3-year survival rate was 73% for CD44v6-positive and 65% for CD44v6-negative cancer and the comparison was not statistically significant. Conclusion: These results suggest that in lung cancer the expression of CD44v6 is not a useful prognostic factor.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||European Surgical Research|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1998|
- Non-small-cell lung cancer
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