Immunoreactivity for intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and for vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), two adhesion molecules of the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily, was tested and measured on tissue sections from 16 undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinomas (U-NPC), 12 keratinizing squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) of the head and neck region, and 54 malignant epithelial tumors of various origin. Neoplastic cells of all cases of U-NPC were diffusely and intensely stained for ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. Moreover, ICAM-1 messenger RNA (mRNA) and VCAM-1 mRNA were detected by Northern blot analysis of RNA extracts from two tumors. In the other epithelial tumors focal or diffuse staining for ICAM-1 was observed in 40 cases (66%), whereas reactivity for VCAM-1 was detected in a single case of metastatic undifferentiated carcinoma of unknown origin. The biopsy specimens of U-NPC showed variable infiltration by leukocytes, which were positive for the intergrins lymphocyte function antigen-1 (LFA-1) and alpha-4/beta-1, the corresponding ligands for ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. The possibility that ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 on neoplastic cells may favor the intratumoral recruitment of leukocytes in a way similar to that occurring in crypt epithelium of the palatine tonsil is discussed.
- intercellular adhesion molecule-1
- nasopharyngeal carcinoma
- vascular cell adhesion molecule-1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine